Dual ORC-Brayton power system for waste heat recovery in heavy-duty vehicles

Authors

  • Maciej Cholewiński Wroclaw University of Technology, Faculty of Mechanical and Power Engineering, Chair of Energy Technologies, Turbines and Modelling of Thermal and Fluid Flow Processes, Wroclaw, Poland Author
  • Wojciech Pospolita Wroclaw University of Technology, Faculty of Mechanical and Power Engineering, Department of Mechanics and Power Systems, Wrocław, Poland Author
  • Dominik Błoński Wroclaw University of Technology, Faculty of Mechanical and Power Engineering, Chair of Energy Technologies, Turbines and Modelling of Thermal and Fluid Flow Processes, Wroclaw, Poland Author

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.5604/08669546.1225446

Keywords:

organic Rankine cycle, Brayton cycle, energy efficiency, road transport, waste heat utilization

Abstract

Reducing the amount of energy required in industrial activities is one of the proven ways to achieve major cost savings, especially in the face of soaring energy prices. In the transport sector, besides the financial benefits, low energy consumption leads to the significant reduction of emissions of many pollutants. In this paper the new concept of dual power technology, dedicated to heavy road transport, was modelled and analysed by computer simulations. The combination of organic Rankine cycle and Brayton cycle was proposed, where the waste heat of fumes was recognized as a upper heat source, whereas the surrounding was adopted to be the lower one. Improvement of total energy conversion efficiency of the truck was the key success factor. Environmental friendly fluids (air and R123) were utilised. The operating parameters, power characteristics and energy streams (i.e. dispersion) of the system were evaluated, calculated and commented from the perspective of its theoretical profitability. The calculated net power capacity of analysed dual system was around 50 hp for 100% load. However, when the engine load is below 50% of nominal capacity, the power generation of combined system might be lower than in the case of single ORC system.

References

AGHAALI, H., & ÅNGSTRÖM, H-E., 2015. A review of turbocompounding as a waste heat recovery system for internal combustion engines. Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, 49(2015), pp. 813–824.

ARNOLD, S., SLUPSKI, K., GROSKREUTZ, M., VRBAS, G., CADLE, R. & SHAHED, S. M., 2001. Advanced Turbocharging Technologies for Heavy-Duty Diesel Engines. SAE Technical Paper 2001-01-3260.

BANG, G., KIM, B., YOUN, N., KIM, Y. K., & WEE, D., 2016. Economic and Environmental Analysis of Thermoelectric Waste Heat Recovery in Conventional Vehicles Operated in Korea: A Model Study. Journal of Electronic Materials, 45(3), pp. 1956–1965.

CENTRAL STATISTICAL OFFICE, STATISTICAL OFFICE IN SZCZECIN, 2015. Road Transport in Poland in the years 2012, 2013. Statistical Information and Elaborations, Warsaw: Central Statistical Office.

CENTRAL STATISTICAL OFFICE, TRADE AND SERVICES DEPARTMENT, 2013. Transport. Activity results in 2012. Warsaw: Central Statistical Office, Trade And Services Department.

CHŁOPEK, Z., 2014. The assessment of the pollutant emission from the self ignition engine in its different operating states. Archives of Transport, 29(1), pp. 7-16.

COSTALL, A. W., A. GONZALEZ HERNANDEZ, A., NEWTON, pp. J., & MARTINEZ-BOTAS R. F., 2015. Design methodology for radial turbo expanders in mobile organic. Applied Energy, 157, pp. 729–743.

GOLIŃSKI, J. A., & JESIONEK K. J., 2009. Siłownie powietrzno – parowe (in Polish). Gdańsk: Wydawnictwo Monograficzne Maszyny Przepływowe IMP PAN.

HAN, S., SEO, J. B., & CHOI, B. S., 2014. Development of a 200 kW ORC radial turbine for waste heat recover. Journal of Mechanical Science and Technology, 28(12), pp. 5231-5241.

KANG, S. H., 2016. Design and preliminary tests of ORC (organic Rankine cycle) with two-stage radial turbine. Energy, 96, pp.142-154.

KATSANOS, C. O., HOUNTALAS, D. T., & ZANNIS, T. C., 2012. Simulation of a heavy-duty diesel engine with electrical turbocompunding system using operating charts for turbocharger components and power turbine. Energy Conversion and Management, 76, pp. 712–724.

KNEZEVICI, D. C., SJOLANDER, S. A., PRAISNER, T. J., ALLEN-BRADLEY, E., & GROVER, E. A., 2009. Measurements of Secondary Losses in a Turbine Cascade With the Implementation of Nonaxisymmetric Endwall Contouring. Journal of Turbomachinery, 132(1), 011013.

KOBiZE, 2015. Krajowy bilans emisji SO2, NOx, CO, NH3, NMLZO, pyłów, metali ciężkich i TZO w układzie klasyfikacji SNAP i NFR. Raport podstawowy (in Polish). Warszawa: Krajowy Ośrodek Bilansowania i Zarządzania Emisjami.

LI, M., WANG, J., HE, W., GAO, L., WANG, B., MA, S., & DAI, Y., 2013. Construction and preliminary test of a low-temperature regenerative Organic Rankine Cycle (ORC) using R123. Renewable Energy, 57, pp. 216-222.

MERKISZ, J., LIJEWSKI, pp. & FUĆ, pp., 2011. Exhaust Emissions Measured Under Real Traffic Conditions from Vehicles Fitted with Spark Ignition and Compression Ignition Engines. Archives of Transport, 23(2), pp. 165-172.

MERKISZ-GURANOWSKA, A. & PIELECHA, J., 2014. Passenger cars and heavy duty vehicles exhaust emissions under real driving condition. Archives of Transport, 31(3) , pp. 47-59.

PERIS, B., NAVARRO-ESBRI, J., MOLES F., & MOTA-BABILONI A., 2015. Experimental study of an ORC (organic Rankine cycle) for low grade waste heat recovery in a ceramic industry. Energy, 85, pp. 534-542.

PINI, M., PERSICO, G., CASATI, E., & DOSSENA, V., 2013. Preliminary design of a centrifugal turbine for organic rankine cycle applications. Journal of Engineering for Gas Turbines and Power, 135(4), pp. 042312-1 - 042312-9.

SAIDUR, R., REZAEI, M., MUZAMMIL, W. K., HASSAN, M. H., PARIA, S. & HASANUZZAMAN, M., 2012. Technologies to recover exhaust heat from internal combustion engines. Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, 16(8), pp. 5649–5659.

SPADACINI, C., CENTEMERI, L., RIZZI, D., SANVITO, M., & SERAFINO, A., 2015. Fluid-dynamics of the ORC radial outflow turbine. URL address: http://www.asme- orc2015.be/proceedings/display_manuscript/1.

SPROUSE, C., III, & DEPCIK, C., 2013. Review of organic Rankine cycles for internal combustion engine exhaust waste heat recovery. Applied Thermal Engineering, 51, pp. 711-722.

STELMASIAK, Z., 2011. A New Concept of Dual Fuelled SI Engines Run on Gasoline and Alcohol. Archives of Transport, 23(2), pp. 209-221.

STĘPIEŃ, R., 2013. Wybrane zagadnienia projektowania wielostopniowych mikroturbin osiowych (in Polish). Gdańsk: Wydawnictwo Instytutu Maszyn Przepływowych PAN.

TAYLOR, A. M. K. pp., 2008. Science review of internal combustion engines. Energy Policy, 36(12), pp. 4657–4667.

TULISZKA, E., 1973. Turbiny cieplne – zagadnienia termodynamiczne i przepływowe (in Polish). Warszawa: Wydawnictwo Naukowo – Techniczne.

WESTERN NORWAY RESEARCH INSTITUTE, 2012. Fuel consumption in heavy duty vehicles. A report from the Transnova project: “Energy – and environmental savings in Lerum Frakt BA”. Vestlandsforsking-rapport nr 10.

YOUNGLOVE, B. A. & MCLINDEN, M. O., 1994. An International Standard Equation of State for the Thermodynamic Properties of Refrigerant 123 (2,2‐Dichloro‐1,1,1‐Trifluoroethane). Journal of Physical and Chemical Reference Data, 23(5), pp. 731–779.

Downloads

Published

2016-09-30

Issue

Section

Original articles

How to Cite

Cholewiński, M., Pospolita, W., & Błoński, D. (2016). Dual ORC-Brayton power system for waste heat recovery in heavy-duty vehicles. Archives of Transport, 39(3), 7-19. https://doi.org/10.5604/08669546.1225446

Share

Most read articles by the same author(s)

1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 > >> 

Similar Articles

1-10 of 190

You may also start an advanced similarity search for this article.