Analysis of the conditions for the exhaustion of the stability margin in the rail track of freight cars with three-piece bogies




freight cars, derailment, traffic safety, dynamic performance, computer simulation


The research on improvement of methodical approaches to definition of the probable reasons of infringement of conditions of stability of freight cars from derailment is carried out. Using a basic computer model of the dynamics of a freight car, the influence of the characteristics of the technical condition of their running gear and track on the indicators of empty cars stability from derailment was studied through the computational experiment. The article presents the main statements of the research methodology, which provides the analysis of probable causes of derailment of freight cars by conducting a series of numerical experiments with logging the progress of calculations and saving the results. Factor analysis was used to interpret the calculated data with an assessment of each of the factors influence or their combination on the probability of derailment. The developed procedure of the simulation experiment provides a step-by-step study of the freight cars derailment conditions, including factors structuring and ranking, development of experimental plan, calculating coefficients of wheel pairs resistance to derailment from rails, provided that the wheel flange rolls onto the rail head, and determining the degree of influence of relevant factors on the dynamic stability of cars from derailment. A comparative analysis of the stability of cars in rail tracks was performed using the introduced concept of the combined coefficient of stability of wheel pairs against derailment. Determining the probable causes of car derailment is based on scanning the parameter field. The results of the parametric study revealed the degree of influence on the freight cars stability of running gear technical condition characteristics. In particular, it is determined that the most dangerous in terms of stability loss of empty cars in the track is the exceeding of the wedges of the vibration dampers.


ADLER, YU., MARKOVA, E., GRANOVSKY, YU., 1971. Planirovaniye eksperimenta pri poiske optimal'nykh usloviy [Planning an experiment in the search for optimal conditions]. M.: Nauka, 279 p.

ASHTIANI, I., RAKHEJA, S., AHMED, A., 2017. Influence of friction wedge characteristics on lateral response and hunting of freight wagons with three-piece bogies. Proceedings of the Institution of Mechanical Engineers, Part F: Journal of Rail and Rapid Transit, 213(8), pp. 877-891. DOI: 10.1177/0954409716647095

BURDZIK, R., NOWAK, B., ROZMUS, J., SŁOWIŃSKI, P., PANKIEWICZ, J., 2017. Safety in the railway industry. Archives of Transport, 44(4), pp. 15-24. DOI: 10.5604/01.3001.0010.6158

CHERNIAK, A., 2013. Operational definition of the possible causes of the derailment of freight cars. Prace naukowe Politechniki Warszawskiej. Transport, Z. 96, pp. 109-116.

DIOMIN, YU.V., KOVTUN, E.N., MARKOVA, O.M., 1994. Self-excited vibrations of railway vehicle with dry friction units. Vehicle System Dynamics: International Journal of Vehicle Mechanics and Mobility, 23(1), pp. 71-83.

DOMIN, R., DOMIN, IU., CHERNIAK, G., MOSTOVYCH, A., KONSTANTIDI, V., GRYNDEI, P., 2016. Investigation of the some problems of running safety of rolling stock on the Ukrainian railways. Archives of Transport, 40(4), pp. 79-91. DOI: 10.5604/08669546.1225459.

DOMIN, R., DOMIN, YU., CHERNIAK, G., 2019. Estimation of stability of flat cars with various types of running gear against derailment. Problemy kolejnictwa, 63(185), pp. 119-124.

DUSZA, M., 2014. The study of track gauge influence on lateral stability of 4-axle rail vehicle model. Archives of Transport, 30(2), pp. 7-20. DOI: 10.5604/08669546.1146973.

GALIEV, I.I., NEKHAYEV, V.A., NIKOLAYEV, A.A., 2011. Konkurentosposobnost' ros-siyskikh zheleznykh dorog, yeye svyaz' s dinamicheskimi svoystvami shassi gruzovogo vagona i puti ikh sovershenstvovaniya [Competitiveness of the Russian railways, its relationship with the dynamic properties of the chassis of a freight car and ways to improve them]. Tekhnika zheleznykh dorog, 3(15), pp. 46-54.

GARG, V.K., DUKKIPATI, R.V., 1984. Dynamics of Railway Vehicle Systems. Academic Press, 407 p.

GE, X., WANG, K., GUO, L., YANG, M., LV, K., ZHAI, W., 2018. Investigation on derailment of empty wagons of long freight train during dynamic braking. Shock and Vibration, Article ID 2862143, 18 p.

ERMAKOV, V.M., PEVZNER, V.O., 2002. O skhodakh porozhnikh vagonov [About the derailment of empty cars]. Railway transport, 3, pp. 29-33.

FAN, Y-T., WU, W-F., 2006. Stability analysis and derailment evaluation of rail vehicles. Int. J. Heavy Vehicle Systems, 13(3), pp.194-211.

IWNICKI, S., STICHEL, S., ORLOVA, A., HECHT, M., 2015. Dynamics of railway freight vehicles. Vehicle System Dynamics: International Journal of Vehicle Mechanics and Mobility, 53(7), pp. 1-39.

KARDAS-CINAL, E., 2013. Selected problems in railway vehicle dynamics related to running safety. Archives of Transport, 31(3), pp. 37-45. DOI: 10.5604/08669546.1146984

LAZARYAN, V.A., 1964. Dinamika vagonov: Ustoychivost' dvizheniya i kolebaniya [Dynamics of cars: Stability of motion and vibrations]. M.: Transport, 256 p.

LYAPUNOV, A.M., 1956. Obshchaya zadacha ob ustoychivosti dvizheniya [The general problem of stability of motion]. Collected works, vol. 2. M.-L.: Publishing House of the Academy of Sciences of the USSR, pp. 7-263.

MALCOLM, C., 2016. Design of passive vehicle suspensions for maximal least damping ratio. Vehicle System Dynamics: International Journal of Vehicle Mechanics and Mobility, 54(5), pp. 568-584.

MOLATEFI, H., 2016. On the investigation of wheel flange climb derailment. Mechanism and methods to control it. Journal of Theoretical and Applied Mechanics, 54(2), pp. 541-550. DOI: 10.15632/jtam-pl.54.2.541

MAZILU, T., 2009. An analysis of bogie hunt-ing instability. UPB Scientific Bulletin, Series D: Mechanical Engineering, 71(2), pp. 64-78.

NORMY dlya rascheta i proyektirovaniya vagonov zheleznykh dorog MPS kolei 1520 mm (nesamokhodnykh) [Standards for the calculation and design of railroad cars of the Ministry of Railways of 1520 mm gauge (non-self-propelled)]. M.: GosNIIV-VNIIZHT, 1996, 154 p.

OPALA, M., 2016. Study of the derailment safety index Y/Q of the low-floor tram bogies with different types of guidance of independently rotating wheels. Archives of Transport, 38(2), pp. 39-47. DOI: 10.5604/08669546.1218792

POGORELOV, D.YU., 2005. Simulation of Rail Vehicle Dynamics with Universal Mechanism Software. Rail vehicle dynamics and associated problems. Gliwice: Silesian University of Technology, pp. 13-58.

SAVIZ, M.R., 2015. Dynamic, stability and safety analysis of wagons on md52 bogies with modified suspension springs. International Journal on “Technical and Physical Problems of Engineering” (IJTPE), 7(4), pp. 75-85.

WEAVER, W. JR., TIMOSHENKO, S. P., YOUNG D. H., 1990. Vibration Problems in Engineering. John Wiley & Sons, 624 p.

WICKENS, A.H., 2003. Fundamentals of rail vehicle dynamics: guidance and stability, Swets & Zeitlinger B.V., Lisse, the Netherlands, 286 p. ISBN 90 265.

WILSON, N., FRIES, R., HAIGERMOSER, A., MRANG, M., EVANS, J., ORLAVA, A., 2011. Assessment of safety against derailment using simulations and vehicle acceptance tests: a worldwide comparison of state-of-the-art assessment methods. Journal of Vehicle System Dynamics, 49, pp. 1113-1157.






Original articles

How to Cite

Domin, Y. V., Domin, R. Y., Cherniak, G. Y., & Nozhenko, V. S. (2021). Analysis of the conditions for the exhaustion of the stability margin in the rail track of freight cars with three-piece bogies. Archives of Transport, 57(1), 119-129.


Most read articles by the same author(s)

1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 > >> 

Similar Articles

1-10 of 323

You may also start an advanced similarity search for this article.