Optimized Design of Multi-Level Low-Carbon Logistics Distribution Scheme Based on Two Stages





low-carbon logistics network, carbon tax, distribution scheme, NSGA-II algorithm


The logistics network, as a key component of commodity distribution, has a direct impact on carbon emissions and resource utilization. Its main objective is to optimize the distribution process of commodities in order to improve efficiency, reduce costs, ensure timely delivery of commodities, and simultaneously satisfy customers' needs. The problem of multiple factors in the optimal allocation of logistics network objectives leading to decision-making difficulties is addressed. The complex multilevel logistics network optimization problem is decomposed into two stages. The first stage determines the selection of cargo transit points and the distribution of cargo flow between nodes, starting with the establishment of a Comprehensive Modal Emission Model (CMEM) taking into account the speed of the vehicle, the amount of cargo loaded, the road surface conditions and the characteristics of the vehicle itself. Secondly, the carbon emission cost generated from the flow of goods, together with the transportation cost, distribution cost and fixed cost at the transit point, constitute the comprehensive cost, and establish a multi-objective optimization model of low-carbon logistics network with the goal of minimizing the comprehensive cost and transportation time. The Non-dominated Sorted Genetic Algorithm with Elite Strategies (NSGA-II) is used for the solution. Finally, MATLAB software was used to numerically analyze the two schemes of "Considering Carbon Tax Levy" and "Not Considering Carbon Tax Levy". The results show that the government's imposition of an environmental tax on companies will change the distribution of transit points and flows within the logistics network, reducing CO2 emissions by 226.5 kg and saving 257.65 CNY in comprehensive costs. The second stage determines the order and path of distribution from each transit point to its own customers, establishes a low-carbon logistics network distribution path optimization model with the goal of minimizing the cost of carbon emissions, and solves the problem using Genetic Algorithm (GA). Through the coordinated use of the two-stage optimization model, it provides enterprises with a network distribution solution that takes into account the low-carbon goal and logistics efficiency, and provides the government with a basis for carbon tax levy and a reference for the tax rate.


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Original articles

How to Cite

Fu, Z., Yue, J., & Yan, Y. (2024). Optimized Design of Multi-Level Low-Carbon Logistics Distribution Scheme Based on Two Stages. Archives of Transport, 69(1), 145-165. https://doi.org/10.61089/aot2024.2mdq5h75


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